Computerisation of Courts in India

The Indian Judiciary is taking steps to apply E-Commerce for efficient Management of Courts. In the near future all the courts in India will be computerized  In that respect, the new Judges who are being appointed are expected to have basic knowledge of the Computer Operation. It will be unfair to overlook basic knowledge of Computer Operation to be an essential condition for being a Judge in view of the recent development being adopted.

With the development of law, numerous Tribunals and Quasi-Judicial bodies have been created to adjudicate the disputes between the parties. Functions of such tribunals are primarily quasi-judiciary and in the realm of Civil Jurisprudence alone. In other words such tribunals or bodies exercise a very limited Jurisdiction. It will not be approximate to treat them as an inextricable part of State Judicial Service or call them courts as understood in our constitution, merely because they give final decision, because they hear Witnesses, because two or more contesting parties appear before them, because they give decisions which affect the right of the parties and an appeal might be provided against their decision. Even the Government, in its hierarchy, is now vested with the powers of limited adjudication but that does not mean that all such persons shall be deemed to be the members of the Judicial Services and would hold Judicial Office under the constitution. 

If requires the creation of a special cell of experts in the fields of Judicial Administration, Information Technology, Human Resources Development so as to meet the urgent requirements of the day. The National Judicial Academy of Bhopal is striving to lay the foundations for strong and dynamic Judicial Educational Programmes for the future that includes establishing a Centre of Excellence in Judicial Education and Administration. The present Judicial Officers at lower level and Judges of the High Court are to be conferred with extensive training. For that purpose the Institute has to generate imperial data, both for better Judicial Training and for improvement in administration of Justice. The National Informatics Centre has to check out programmes for effective working of the Judiciary. It may also take use of a Video-Conferencing facility by Electronic Self-Operating Facilitation Centres must be put to use. The Indian Council for Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) under took an ambitious project for introducing mediation and cancelation techniques towards quick disposal of disputes even of the state of Institution. 

The Urgent and the most attention required to be drawn is on corruption in Judiciary. The disease must be removed altogether from the field of Judiciary. So as to keep the aspirations of the people intact it more transparency, efficiency, effective and speedy disposal are the important areas which are to be attended immediately.

Regarding the Speedy Disposal of Civil and criminal cases, pending before the Subordinate Judiciary, it requires to take up the theory of case management because. The often quoted proverb is “if you have to cut a tree in eight hours, you don’t chop it all the time sharpen your axes for six hours”. The magnitude and causes of the problem cannot be found out by general impressions, but by analysis of a data. Therefore Data analysis in both Civil and Criminal cases is to be taken up. Regarding the court administration is concerned; the following steps have to be taken.

The delays in issuing the certified copies of the Judgement are to be avoided. 

(1) A certified copy of Report. 
(2) Money deposit Report. 
(3) Budget Report, 

are to be dealt with the help of computers and internet in the court. The reports in respect of the above fields cannot be simply generated unless data is fed into the computers. They will not have any meaning unless they are utilized and goals are fixed. If there is no will to change, no orientation to the work culture. Then nothing can work so, acceptability to change must be obtained with consent and co-operation and not through concern and compulsion. 


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